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    Exposure to Bacteria, Fungi, and Viruses Could Influence Childhood Asthma Risk

    March 3rd, 2017

     

    Mounting evidence suggests that the trillions of bacteria, fungi, and viruses that line our skin and digestive tracts—called the microbiome—may be key to a healthier immune system. In particular, being exposed to the right bacteria at an early age may reduce a child’s asthma risk, says B. Brett Finlay Ph.D., a microbiologist at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

    “Asthma is a very prevalent disease in our society now, which wasn’t the case 50 years ago,” Finlay says, who spoke on the topic at the recent meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). “We now realize that the microbes [you’re exposed to early in life] seem to set you up—or not—for asthma.”

    Although research in this field is still preliminary, evidence so far suggests that asthma risk may be greater in children who were born by C-section, fed formula instead of breast milk, or treated with antibiotics at an early age, as well as those who live in urban, rather than rural, areas. All of these factors, Finlay says, may limit a child’s exposure to healthy microbes.

    5 Ways to Strengthen Your Child’s Microbiome

     

    1.Let your child play in the dirt. Mud, plants, insects, and dirt are teeming with healthy microbes.2.Get a dog. Assuming, of course, no one is allergic, studies show that people who live with a dog have a 20 percent decreased risk of developing asthma, says Finlay.

     

    3.Chuck the antibacterial soap. Antimicrobial soaps and gels may seem like a smart idea, but they’ll destroy the beneficial microbes your child has picked up. Washing with regular soap and water is enough; and the only time your kid’s hands need to be squeaky clean, says Finlay, is before a meal and after the bathroom.

     

    4. Feed their microbes. Like humans, microbes need to eat to stay healthy. And they prefer high-fiber, healthy foods like nuts, legumes, and vegetables, as well as fermented foods, like yogurt and kefir.

     

    5.Use antibiotics sparingly. These drugs can be a lifesaver for serious infections, but when they’re not necessary—for colds or other viral infections, for example—skip them. They “carpet bomb” both good and bad bacteria, as Finlay says, dramatically disrupting the composition of microbes in your body.

     

    “It’s fascinating, and there’s a lot more to learn,” says Jay Portnoy, M.D., director of allergy, asthma, and immunology at Children’s Mercy Hospital in Kansas City.

     


    A new study shows that colorectal cancer is increasing in young and middle-aged adults

    March 2nd, 2017

    What is Colorectal cancer? Stanford Health Care can explain below.

     

    Rates of colon and rectal cancer are rising sharply among young and middle-aged Americans, at the same time that they continue to decline for adults 55 and older, according to a startling new study that is sparking questions about whether screening should start earlier.

    The study, published Tuesday in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, found that between the mid-1980s and 2013, colon cancer rates increased about 1 to 2 percent per year for people in their 20s and 30s. Rates for middle-aged adults also rose, but at a slower pace.

    American Cancer Society researcher Rebecca Siegel, who led the study, said that earlier work had signaled a growing incidence of colorectal cancer among the groups known as Gen X and millennials. But the magnitude of the increase identified “was just very shocking,” she said.

     

    After decreasing in the previous decade, colon cancer incidence rates increased by 1.0% to 2.4% annually since the mid-1980s in adults age 20 to 39 years and by 0.5% to 1.3% since the mid-1990s in adults age 40 to 54 years; rectal cancer incidence rates have been increasing longer and faster (eg, 3.2% annually from 1974–2013 in adults age 20–29 years).

    (J Natl Cancer Inst (2017) 109 (8): djw322)

     

    The study, which included scientists at the NCI, didn’t determine the reason for the shift. But Siegel suggested one explanation might be a complex interaction involving the same factors that have contributed to the obesity epidemic — changes in diet, a sedentary lifestyle, excess weight and low fiber consumption. Experts said the cancers are not related to the human papilloma virus. HPV is associated with squamous cell cancers, which are common in HPV-related anal cancer, but not in colorectal cancers.

    Colorectal cancer refers to malignancies in the colon or rectum, which are parts of the large intestine. Most cancers there start as polyps, or growths, on an inner wall. Most polyps are benign, but over time some can develop into cancer. The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 95,000 new cases of colon cancer and almost 40,000 new cases of rectal cancer will be diagnosed in 2017. About 50,000 people are expected to die of colorectal cancer in the United States this year.


    ‘Ringing’ in the ears may signal serious ear damage.

    March 1st, 2017

    Ringing’ in the ears may signal serious ear damage.
    Tinnitus (noun, “TIN-ih-tuss”)

    This is a condition in which people hear a persistent sound that isn’t there. It might be a ringing noise, a hiss or clicking. Whether it is soft, loud, high or low varies from person to person. Tinnitus can last just a few minutes or a few hours. Some people experience it for years. And it’s not just annoying. Tinnitus can be a sign of hearing loss.

    Some medicines and medical disorders can trigger persistent tinnitus. So can inner-ear damage from loud noise. Once considered an ailment of older people, tinnitus now afflicts many kids as young as 11. Risky listening behaviors tend to be the cause in such young patients.

    Tinnitus in teens and preteens, and the hidden damage it may point to, are “a major public health challenge,” notes Larry Roberts of McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. A neuroscientist, he’s one of the study’s authors. Those sounds that never go away can interfere with studying and sleeping. They can make it hard to hear someone talking in a crowded room. Some teens with tinnitus say it makes them feel irritated, depressed or isolated from their friends. The sounds may sometimes disappear for a time. But often they return — permanently!

    Study detects a hidden danger

    Tanit Ganz Sanchez led the new study. She’s an otolaryngologist (OH-toh-lair-in-GOLL-oh-gist) — a doctor who specializes in diseases of the ears, nose and throat. She works at the University of São Paolo School of Medicine in Brazil. She, Roberts and their colleagues worked there with 170 teens  and preteens who were attending a local private school in Brazil. The researchers asked the students about both their listening habits and any symptoms of tinnitus.

    To prevent from the potential damage, try to keep a pair of ear plugs handy!

    The researchers tested these hair cells in two ways. First, they created an audiogram, a graphic display of how loud a sound had to be for a teen to hear it. The second technique placed a small microphone inside the ear. It measured the very weak sounds emitted by a healthy ear. Hearing specialists refer to these as otoacoustic (OH-toh-uh-KOOS-tik) emissions.

    All 170 students had healthy outer and inner hair cells, the measurements showed. And all could hear speech and typical classroom sounds well.


    UV Rays & Endorphins – Sunlight makes pleasure chemical in the body

    February 28th, 2017

    We all know that nice weather makes us feel better – but why?

    Thanks to ScienceNews, we have some answers.

    Based on their research, they showed that mice made feel-good chemical (beta-endorphin) after exposure to ultraviolet light — and missed that light when the treatments ended.
     High-energy, UV rays come from the sun and the special lights used in tanning booths. Even though people know UV radiation can be dangerous, they continue to risk sunburns for a tan. Rates of skin cancer have been going up. David Fisher wanted to know why. He’s an oncologist — a doctor who treats people with cancer — at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.
    The animals received an exposure to UV light that was similar to what a fair-skinned person gets after 20 or 30 minutes in the Florida sun.

    “We know [UV light is] dangerous,” Fisher says, but many people choose not to protect themselves.

    Fisher and his colleagues exposed mice to a moderate amount of UV light five days a week, for six weeks. The scientists shaved the mice so the light would reach their skin. The animals received an exposure to UV light that was similar to what a fair-skinned person gets after 20 or 30 minutes in the Florida sun.

    After just a week of the UV treatment, mice had higher levels of a molecule in their blood called beta-endorphin than did mice not exposed to this radiation. Similar to drugs such as heroin and opium, beta-endorphin activates feel-good processes in the brain. Previous studies had found beta-endorphin in the skin. This new study showed the molecule also ends up in the blood.

    “There are a lot of people out there who tan, either on the beach or in indoor salon tanners. And many of these folks report symptoms that are consistent with addiction,”

    What’s more, UV light boosts activity in parts of the human brain associated with addiction, he and his colleagues have shown.

    Still, he argues, the new study falls short of proving the mice had become addicted to UV light. “Addiction means craving, loss of control and tolerance,” he explains. And the new study “didn’t look at any of those things.”

     

    To read more on this article click here


    Sleep: The foundation for healthy habits

    February 24th, 2017

    “Getting at least seven hours of quality rest each night is essential for optimal health. Sleep provides the foundation for all of your daily habits and decisions. Sleep deprivation can negatively affect your mood and temperament, as well as your ability to focus on daily tasks.”

    Since sleep is so important for so many different reasons we offer our customers a wide range of products to better their sleep.
    See our products here:
    https://www.4mdmedical.com/ssearch?q=sleep+aids

    The Mayo Clinic has a very beneficial article towards sleep health, and bettering your rest. Read it here: http://www.mayoclinic.org/…/sleep-the-foundati…/art-20270117

    • Set a sleep goal. Aim to get at least seven hours of sleep a night so that you have the energy to tackle everyday demands. Waking up refreshed will help you make smart decisions and stick to your diet and exercise plan. Sleep can help boost your motivation and willpower, making it easier to fend off temptations.
    • Establish a regular bedtime and honor it. The first step to behavior change is making a commitment toward what you want to accomplish and sticking to your plan. Establish a regular bedtime and stick to it as much as possible. That might mean putting your smartphone in another room so that you aren’t tempted to scroll through your social media feed right before bed or setting an alarm to remind you that it’s time to start getting ready for bed.
    • Eat healthier foods. When your body and mind are fatigued, you may misread hunger cues. The next time you find yourself wandering into the kitchen or mindlessly snacking at your computer, ask yourself if you may be tired rather than hungry. It’s common to mistake fatigue or emotions for hunger.
    • Ease into sleep. Setting aside a little time before bed for relaxation can help you transition into sleep. Try deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, gentle stretching or guided imagery to help focus your attention away from worries and into the present. If your busy mind keeps you awake, jot down your thoughts in a journal or on a pad of paper by your bed.

     


    Bring Mobility Back Into Daily Life

    February 16th, 2017

     

    “When mom’s mobility was compromised I knew I had to get her something to help remain as independent and healthy as possible.”

    Mobility is not something that lasts forever – unfortunately there are many of us who suffer from a lack in range of motion; but that doesn’t mean it is the end of freedom.

    With the reacher from Drive Medical, independence and added mobility are back into the mix of daily life.


    Flexible Seating – What is it and how does it benefit?

    January 23rd, 2017

    Teacher Kayla Delzer has taken a new approach towards benefiting students in the classroom with a technique known as “flexible seating.”

    What is Flexible Seating?

    It is the first step towards independent learning; rather than being told what to do, or in this case where to sit, children have the opportunity to be given a choice. This allows for them to solve problems and become more proactive learners as they age but also leads way to bertter collaboration, communication, creativity and critical thinking skills.

    “If student motivation and higher engagement is truly the desired end game, then we as teachers must adapt right along with our students in our classrooms,” Kayla pointed out.

    Many teachers have made the change to flexible seating as an effort to make their learning spaces more student-centered and ultimately more beneficial.

    Immediate benefits of incorporating flexible seating into classrooms can include:

    1. Better health
    • Reduced risk of disease
    • Less stress
    • Strengthened mental health
    • Improved physical fitness
    1. Effective learning
    • Better cognitive performance
    • Higher ability to concentrate
    • Improved memory retention
    • Higher academic achievement
    1. Improved behavior
    • Students are less disruptive
    • Students are better able to focus on the tasks they were assigned
    • Fewer disciplinary incidents are reported
    • Excess energy is used up

     

    Yoga Mat:  https://www.4mdmedical.com/cando-yoga-mats.html

    CanDo Ball Chair Plastic Mobile with Back Child Size: https://www.4mdmedical.com/cando-ball-chair-plastic-mobile-with-back-child-size.html
    CanDo Aerobic Pads: https://www.4mdmedical.com/cando-aerobic-pads.html

    Inflatable Exercise Balls: https://www.4mdmedical.com/cando-inflatable-exercise-balls-1.html

    Photo thanks to The Creative Colorful Classroom

    http://luckylittlelearners.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Slide2-1.png


    Arthritis & Exercise; The Benefits

    January 19th, 2017

    Arthritis is a condition that approximately 49.7 percent of adults aged 65 and older in the US suffer from; arthritis (rather, osteoarthritis – the most comment form) is caused by wear and tear of the cartilage protecting the joints. 

    Thanks to a study done by professor Dorothy Dunlop of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, it is said that even though physical activity can be challenging for adults with arthritis, it can benefit in managing a patients condition and maintain physical functioning

    “Egaging in physical activity can reduce pain and help to maintain mobility and independence for older adults with arthritis, but current exercise recommendations are often unachievable for this population. Now, however, a new study finds that exercising for just 45 minutes is enough to reap the benefits.”

    Their studies showed that older adults who engaged in just 45 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week were 80 percent more likely to maintain or improve their physical functioning than those who did not.

    “Even a little activity is better than none. For those older people suffering from arthritis who are minimally active, a 45-minute minimum might feel more realistic.”

    Dorothy Dunlop

    With a little exercising and stretching we would all be better off; another study done by Aladdin Shadyab, Ph.D. says that low physical activity seemed to account for an 8-year biological age gap between those who exercised and those who did not.

    The many studies done on the negative effects of sedentary life styles is enough for us here at 4MD Medical to have complied a list of exercise basics to get started on the right track; 

    OPTP Stretch Out Strap:

    The patented Stretch Out® Strap delivers the benefits of assisted stretching without a partner. Multiple loops permit deep, gradual stretching of major muscle groups with greater safety, control and effectiveness than is possible unaided.

    Body Sport Vinyl Dumbbell, 2lbs:

     Tones and strengthens muscles, builds stamina and speeds up metabolic rate. Solid metal; coated with vinyl. Easy to clean. Latex-free.

    Stretching ankles and calves has a number of health benefits. Improving flexibility and range of motion in the ankles can reduce risk of injury and provide for more efficient movement.

    CanDo Exercise Ball:

    Exercise balls are used to improve balance, coordination, flexibility, strength and even just for fun. Balls are used as aids for vestibular movement and equilibrium therapy, by fitness professionals as an aid for stretching and strength programs.

    TheraBand Light Flexbars:

    The Thera-Band FlexBar is a lightweight, easy-to-grip, portable resistance exerciser for improving dexterity, mobility and grip strength; and for rehabilitating and strengthening hands, wrists, forearms and shoulders.

    movement


    Bathroom Safety

    January 12th, 2017

    If we’re truly concerned about safety, why do so many of us leave those concerns at the bathroom door?

    The bathroom is one of the most potentially dangerous rooms in the home, particularly for older adults.

    Why?

    Let’s start with the wet and slippery surfaces, loose rugs, and sharp corners. Next, add in the physical challenges many older adults experience: difficulty with balance getting in and out of the bath or shower; trouble bending and reaching to adjust water temperature or wash body parts; difficulty seeing without glasses or contact lenses.

    It makes for one seriously dangerous mix. Statistics are hard to isolate, but a CDC report credits bathroom accidents with causing over 235,000 injuries in 2008. Among older adults, bathroom incidents accounted for 2.5% of all unintentional injuries.

    Did you know?

    1 IN 3 adults aged 65 or older will fall each year

    Thankfully, we trust Drive Medical for our bathroom safety products and are able to offer preventative care for those who need it.

    Grab bars, rails and raised toilet seats are only a few of the products used to make a bathroom safe.

    RTL12027RA RTL13082


    Innovative, Flexible & Fully Adjustable – The Quantum ACR

    December 12th, 2016

    The Quantum ACR (Ambulance Child Restraint) is an innovative, flexible and fully adjustable harnessing system for the safe and effective transport of infants and children in an ambulance, and is color coded for easy selection in three sizes from 11 to 99 pounds. The ACR can be used on any model cot and the patient can be lying down or sitting in the upright position.

    It is the only pediatric restraint in the world that allows the safe and secure transport of newborns and children weighing 4lbs – 99lbs with a single device.

    The ACR4 contains 4 color coded restraints for easy selection in 4 different sizes, EXTRA SMALL 4-11 lbs, SMALL 11-26 lbs, MEDIUM 22-55 lbs and LARGE 44-99 lbs.

    When the patient is restrained the ACR4 allows for complete access from the airway to the waist to effectively perform procedures while the patient remains restrained.

    Also included with the ACR are quick release clips dock to hold the patient in place during transportation to prevent potentially dangerous movement.

    Click here to see more detail and purchase yours

    Features

    • Universally compatible with any cot
    • Smart colour coding for easy selection of 4 sizes
    • Machine washable
    • Quick release chest strap for medical intervention
    • Breathable fabric maximises airflow and meets infection control standards
    • Allows rapid transition from sitting to flat in an emergency or to recovery position
    • Padded for patient comfort and reduced risk of pressure sores during long transfers
    • Can be used with stretcher back rest in raised position
    • Compact storage bag
    • Weight range 4lbs – 99lbs